Abdullah Bin Jahsh (R.A.)

Abdullah bin Jahsh (R.A.) was a cousin of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and his sister, Zaynab bint-e-Jahsh (R.A.), was a wife of the Prophet (Peace be upon him). He (R.A.) was the first to head a group of Muslims on an expedition and so was the first to be called “Amir al-Mu’mineen” Commander of the Believers.
Abdullah bin Jahsh (R.A.) became a Muslim before the Prophet (Peace be upon him) entered the House of Al-Arqam which became a meeting place, a school and a place of refuge for the early Muslims. He (R.A.) was thus one of the first to accept Islam.
When the Prophet (Peace be upon him) gave permission for his Companions (R.A.) to emigrate to Madinah to avoid further persecution from the Quraysh, Abdullah bin Jahsh (R.A.) was the second to leave, preceded only by Abu Salamah (R.A.). Emigrating was not a new experience for Abdullah (R.A.). He (R.A.) and some members of his immediate family had migrated before to Abyssinia. This time, however, his (R.A.) migration was on a far bigger scale. His (R.A.) family and relatives men, women and children, migrated with him (R.A.). In fact, his (R.A.) whole clan had become Muslims and accompanied him (R.A.).
There was an air of desolation as they left Makkah. Their homes appeared sad and depressed as if no one had lived there before. No sound of conversation emanated from behind those silent walls. Abdullah’s (R.A.) clan were not long gone when the alerted Quraysh leaders came out and made the rounds of the districts in Makkah to find out which Muslims had left and who had remained. Among these leaders were Abu Jahl and Utbah bin Rabiah. Utbah looked at the houses of the Banu Jahsh through which the dusty winds were blowing. He banged on the doors and shouted:
“The houses of the Banu Jahsh have become empty and are weeping for its occupants.” “Who were these people anyway,” said Abu Jahl derisively, “That houses should weep for them.” He then laid claim to the house of Abdullah bin Jahsh (R.A.). It was the most beautiful and expensive of the houses. He began to dispose freely of its contents as a king would share out his possessions. Later, when Abdullah bin Jahsh (R.A.) heard what Abu Jahl had done to his (R.A.) house, he (R.A.) mentioned it to the Prophet (Peace be upon him), who said:
“Aren’t you satisfied, O Abdullah, with what Allah has given you instead a house in Paradise?” “Yes, messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him),” he (R.A.) replied, and became at peace with himself and completely satisfied.
Abdullah Bin Jahsh (R.A.) had scarcely settled down in Madinah when he (R.A.) had to undergo one of the most testing experiences. He (R.A.) had just begun to taste something of the good and restful life under the sponsorship of the Ansar after going through persecution at the hands of the Quraysh when he (R.A.) had to be exposed to the severest test he (R.A.) had ever known in his life and carry out the most difficult assignment since he (R.A.) became a Muslim.
The Prophet of Allah (Peace be upon him) commissioned eight of his Companions (R.A.) to carry out the first military assignment in Islam. Among them were Abdullah bin Jahsh (R.A.) and Sad bin Abi Waqqas (R.A.).
“I appoint as your Commander the one who can best bear hunger and thirst,” said the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and gave the standard to Abdullah bin Jahsh (R.A.). He (R.A.) was thus the first to be made Amir over a contingent of believers (R.A.).
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) gave him (R.A.) precise instructions on the route he (R.A.) should take on the expedition and gave him a letter. He (Peace be upon him) commanded Abdullah (R.A.) to read the letter only after two days travel.
After the expedition had been on its way for two days, Abdullah (R.A.) looked at the contents of the letter. It said, “When you have read this letter, press on until you come to a place called Nakhlah between Taif and Makkah. From there observe the Quraysh and gather whatever information you can on them for us.”
“At your command, O Prophet of Allah (Peace be upon him),” exclaimed Abdullah (R.A.) as he (R.A.) finished reading the letter. Then he (R.A.) spoke to his colleagues (R.A.):
“The Prophet (Peace be upon him) has commanded me to proceed to Nakhlah to observe the Quraysh and gather information on them for him (Peace be upon him). He (Peace be upon him) has also commanded me not to go further with anyone of you who is against the purpose of this expedition. So whoever desires martyrdom and is in total agreement with this expedition can accompany me. Whoever is not in agreement may turn back without blame.”
“At your command, O messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him),” they all responded. “We shall go with you, Abdullah (R.A.), wherever the Prophet (Peace be upon him) of Allah has commanded.”
The group continued until they reached Nakhlah and began to move along the mountain passes seeking information on Quraysh movements. While they (R.A.) were thus engaged, they (R.A.) saw in the distance a Quraysh caravan. There were four men in the caravan Amr bin alHadrami, Hukm bin Kaysan, Usman bin Abdullah and his brother Mughirah. They were carrying merchandise for the Quraysh skins, raisins and other usual Quraysh stock in trade.
The Sahabah (R.A.) conferred together. It was the last day of the sacred months. “If we were to kill them,” they (R.A.) agreed, “We would have killed them in the inviolable months. To do so would be to violate the sacredness of this month and expose ourselves to the wrath of all Arabs. If we leave them alone for a day so that the month will be completed, they would have entered the inviolable precincts of Makkah and thus be secure from us.”
They continued consulting until finally they agreed to pounce on the caravan and take whatever merchandise they could as booty. Before long, two of the men were captured and one was killed; the fourth escaped.
Abdullah bin Jahsh (R.A.) and his men took the two prisoners and the caravan on to Madinah. They went to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and informed him about what they had done. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) was greatly upset and strongly condemned their action.
“By Allah, I did not command you to fight. I only commanded you to gather information on the Quraysh and observe their movements.” He (Peace be upon him) granted a reprieve to the two prisoners and he (Peace be upon him) left the caravan and did not take a single item from it. Abdullah bin Jahsh (R.A.) and his men (R.A.) then knew that they (R.A.) had fallen into disgrace and felt certain that they (R.A.) were ruined because of their disobeying the command of the Prophet (Peace be upon him). They (R.A.) began to feel the pressure as their Muslim brothers censured them (R.A.) and avoided them (R.A.) whenever they (R.A.) passed one another. And they (R.A.) would say, “These went against the command of the Prophet (Peace be upon him).”
Their (R.A.) discomfiture grew when they (R.A.) learnt that the Quraysh had taken the incident as a means to discredit the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and denounce him (Peace be upon him) among the tribes. The Quraysh were saying:
“Muhammad (Peace be upon him) has defiled the sacred month. He (Peace be upon him) has shed blood in it, plundered wealth and captured men.” Imagine the extent of the sadness felt by Abdullah bin Jahsh (R.A.) and his men (R.A.) at what had happened, because of the acute embarrassment they (R.A.) had caused the Prophet (Peace be upon him).
They (R.A.) were sorely tormented and the agony weighed heavily on them (R.A.). Then came the good news that Allah Glorified be He was pleased with what they (R.A.) had done and had sent down revelation to His Prophet (Peace be upon him) about this matter. Imagine their (R.A.) happiness! People came and embraced them (R.A.), congratulating them (R.A.) on the good news and reciting to them (R.A.) what had been revealed in the glorious Quran about their (R.A.) action.
“They ask you about fighting in the sacred month. Say: Fighting therein is an enormity as well as preventing (people) from the path of Allah and disbelief in Him. Expelling people from the Masjid al Haram is a greater sin in the eyes of Allah. Moreover, persecution is greater than killing…” (Surah Al-Baqarah 2: 217).
When these blessed verses were revealed, the Prophet’s (Peace be upon him) mind was eased. He (Peace be upon him) took the caravan and ransomed the prisoners. He (Peace be upon him) became pleased with Abdullah bin Jahsh (R.A.) and his men. Their (R.A.) expedition was certainly a major event in the early life of the Muslim community.
The Battle of Badr followed. Abdullah bin Jahsh (R.A.) fought in it and was put to a great test, but a test to which his faith was equal.
Then came the Battle of Uhud. There is an unforgettable story involving Abdullah bin Jahsh (R.A.) and his friend Sad bin Abi Waqqas (R.A.) concerning an incident that took place during the Battle of Uhud.
In the words of Sad (R.A.):
During the battle, Abdullah (R.A.) came to me (R.A.) and said, “Aren’t you making a Dua to Allah?” “Yes,” said I (R.A.). So we (R.A.) moved aside and I prayed, “O Lord, when I meet the enemy, let me meet a man of enormous strength and fury. Then grant me victory over him that I might kill him and acquire spoils from him.” To this my prayer, Abdullah (R.A.) said Ameen! and then he (R.A.) prayed:
“Let me meet a man of great standing and enormous fury. I shall fight him for Your sake, O Lord, and he shall fight me. He shall take me and cut off my nose and ears and when I meet You on the morrow You will say, “For what were your nose and ear cut off?” And I would reply, “For Your sake and for the sake of Your Prophet (Peace be upon him).” And then You would say, “You have spoken the truth . . .” Sad (R.A.) continues the story:
The prayer of Abdullah bin Jahsh (R.A.) was better than mine. I saw him at the end of the day. He (R.A.) was killed and mutilated and in fact his nose and his ear were hung on a tree with a thread.
Allah responded to the prayer of Abdullah bin Jahsh (R.A.) and blessed him (R.A.) with martyrdom as He blessed his uncle, the Leader of Martyrs, Hamzah bin Abdul Muttalib (R.A.). The noble Prophet (Peace be upon him) buried them together in a single grave. His (Peace be upon him) pure tears watered the earth and the earth anointed with the fragrance of martyrdom.