Islamic Months

Muharram
It is the first month of the Islamic Calendar.
The Meaning of the Word:
The word "Muharram" means "Forbidden." Even before Islam, this month was always known as a sacred month in which all unlawful acts were forbidden, prominently the shedding of blood.
A Blessing of Muharram:
There are many bounties of this month, especially the tenth of Muharram. On 10th day he who spends more lavishly for the sake of his family members, Allah will bestow blessing upon the sustenance of the following year. Abu Qatada (R.A.) has related that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) has reported to have said, it is my thought that by fasting on the 10th of Muharram Allah will pardon the sins of the past year. (Tirmizi).
Events of Muharram:
Prior to Islam
1. Hazrat Adam (A.S.) was born and had entered Paradise on the 10th of Muharram.
2. Hazrat Ayyub (A.S.) was cured from his illness.
3. A way was made in the sea for Bani Israel.
4. Hazrat Suleman (A.S.) was ordained King.
5. The oceans and Heavens were created.
During Islam
1. Hazrat Hussain (R.A.) was martyred in this month.
2. Shaykhain Tirmizi & Haakim has narrated from Hazrat Anas (R.A) that the following verse: "Allah may forgive thee of thy sins that which is past and that which is to come." (Al-Fath) was     revealed on the 10th of Muharram.
3. The Prophet Mohammed (Peace be upon him) went to defeat Bani Muhaarin and Bani Thalaba (Tribes of Bani Gatfan) in the year 4 A.H. (Asahhus-Siyar)
4. Qiyaamah (The Day of Judgment) will take place on the 10th of Muharram.


Safar
It is the second month of the Islamic Calendar.
About the month of Safar:
This time of the year was considered to be cursed as many catastrophes and calamities took place. However this belief has been proven to be false and totally without foundation (Absurd). This can also be confirmed by the following hadith:
Hazrat Jabir (R.A.) has said that, "I have heard the Prophet (Peace be upon him) saying, the descending of illness and evil superstition befalling in the month of Safar is untrue." (Muslim)
Events of Safar:
1. The Battle of Abwaa took place on 12th Safar in the year 2 A.H.
2. The Battle of Khaibar took place in the year 7 A.H.
Matrimonies in Safar:
1. Hazrat Ali (R.A.) married to Hazrat Fatima (R.A.), the daughter of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) in the later days of Safar 2 A.H.
Deaths in Safar:
1. Hazrat Khubaib Ibn Adey (R.A.) was martyred in this month in the year 4 A.H. in the Holy city of Makkah.
2. Hazrat Zaid Ibn Dathina (R.A.) was martyred in this month in the year 4 A.H. in the Holy city of Makkah.


Rabi-ul-Awwal
It is the third month of the Islamic calendar.
Meaning of Word "Rabi-ul-Awwal":
The Meaning of the Word "Rabi-ul-Awwal" is 'The first month of Spring'.
Auspicious Occasion:
The Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) was born in this month as mercy for all and departed from this world 63 years later in the same month.
Events of Rabi-ul-Awwal:
1. The Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) migrated from Makkah to Madinah Munawwarah.
2. Battle of Buwaat took place in the year 2 A.H.
3. Battle of Safvaan took place in the year 2 A.H.
4. Hazrat Abu Bakr's (R.A.) daughter, Asma (R.A.) was born 6 years before Prophecy.
5. Ruqayyah (R.A.) the daughter of the beloved Prophet (Peace be upon him) was born 7 years before Prophecy.
6. Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A.) was appointed Caliph.
Matrimonies within Rabi-Ul-Awwal:
1. Umm-e-Kulsoom (R.A.) was married in this month to the third Caliph; Hazrat Usman (R.A.) in 3 A.H.
Deaths in Rabi-Ul-Awwal:
1. Mother of the believers, wife of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) Zainab (R.A.) passed away in the year 4 A.H.
2. Hazrat Ibrahim (R.A.) the son of Maaria Qibtiya (R.A.) & of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) passed away in the year 10 A.H.


Rabi-us-Sani
It is the fourth month of the Islamic Calendar.
Meaning of the Word Rabi-us-Sani:
The meaning of the word "Rabi-us-Sani" is 'The second month of Spring'.
Events of Rabi-us-Sani:
1. Battle of Furu' from Buhraan took place in 3 A.H Sariyyah-Battle in which the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) did not take part in, instead he (Peace be upon him) consigned one of     his Companion (R.A.) as the colonel.
2. The consigned: Sariyyah Ali Ibn Abi Talib in the 9th Hijri, Sariyyah-Ibn Alqamah and Mujaazziz Mudlejee.
Deaths in Rabi-us-Sani:
1. Hazrat Khwaja Nizamuddin - 18th Rabi-us-Sani: 725 Hijri.
2. Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani - 11th Rabi-us-Sani: 561 Hijri passed away at the age of 90.


Jamad-ul-Awwal
It is the fifth month of the Islamic calendar.
Events of Jamad-ul-Awwal:
1. The Battle "Moota" took place in 8 A.H. A war against infidels in which the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) did not participate.
    This battle is named after a famous city in Syria (Moota).
    Hazrat Zaid bin Harisa (R.A) was the first appointed General by the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him).
2. In the same Battle Hazrat Khalid bin Waleed (Fourth general of the battle of Moota) was proclaimed by the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) as being "Saifullah" (One of the Swords of     Allah).
Matrimonies in Jamad-ul-Awwal:
The Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) married his first beloved wife; Khadijah (R.A) 15 years prior to Prophecy.
Deaths in Jamad-ul-Awwal:
1. Hazrat Zaid bin Harisa (R.A) met martyrdom in 8 A.H.
2. Hazrat Jafar bin Abi Talib (R.A.) met martyrdom in 8 A.H.
3. Hazrat Abdullah bin Rawaahah met martyrdom in 8 A.H.
4. Hazrat Abdullah bin Usman (R.A.) passed away.
5. The Holy Prophet's (Peace be upon him) grandfather Abdul Muttalib passed away 32 years prior to prophecy.


Jamad-us-Sani
It is the sixth month of the Islamic calendar.
Events of Jamad-us-Sani:
1. Battle of Salaasil took place in 8 A.H (Battle in which the Holy Prophet did not take part.).
2. The consigned: Hazrat Sariyyah Abu Ubaida bin Jarraah (R.A.) in the 6th Hijri.

Hazrat Zaid bin Harisa (R.A.) 6th Hijri.

Hazrat Abdullah bin Jahsh (R.A.) 2nd Hijri.

Deaths of Jamad-us-Sani:
Hazrat Abu Salama (R.A.) 4th Jamad-us-Sani.


Rajab
It is the seventh month of the Islamic calendar.
Meaning of the Word "Rajab":
The lexical definition of Rajaba is "To Respect", which is where the word Rajab has been deprived from.
Events of Rajab:
1. The Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) ascended to Heaven on the 27th of Rajab (Miraaj).
2. Hazrat Bilal bin Harisa (R.A) brought a congregation of four hundred men named Banu Muzeena in the presence of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him). They all embraced Islam and     became followers of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) in the year 5 A.H.
3. The battle of Tabook took place in the year 9 A.H. This was the last battle which the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) participated in.
4. The second Oath of Aqabah took place in Rajab, 12 A.H.
Deaths in Rajab:
1. Hazrat Imam Abu Hanifa (R.A) passed away on the 15th of Rajab 150 A.H.
2. Hazrat Imam Shafaee (R.A) passed away on the 14th Rajab 204 A.H.
3. Hazrat Imam Muslim (R.A) passed away on the 24th of Rajab 261 A.H.
4. Hazrat Imam Nawawee (R.A) passed away on the 14th of Rajab 677 A.H.


Shabaan
It is the eight month of the Islamic calendar.
Meaning of the Word "Shabaan":
Meaning of the word Shabaan is 'Consecutively escalating (Undisturbed increase)'.
Upon the Arrival of the Shabaan Moon:
Beginning of in numerous blessings are showered upon us. Just as the initiation of rainfall begins with "Pitter Patter" such blessings reach us in the same accord and fashion.
Beginning of Shabaan:
Blessings are initiated which progressively escalate so that by mid-Shabaan the blessings have reached a considerable amount and finally such blessings reach their peak by the end of Ramadan.
For example:
Just as a farmer prepares for a fruitful harvest by harrowing his screage so that the soil may readily retain water; in contrast our souls are geared by the presence of such blessings in Shabaan effectively preparing us for a fruitful and completely advantageous month of Ramadan. Our Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) has said, "Shabaan is my month and Ramadan the month of Allah." (Daylami)
Events of Shabaan:
1. "Laila-tul Baraat" (Night of forgiveness) the fifteenth night of Shabaan.
2. "Qibla", the direction to be adopted within salah, was reverted back to the "Kaaba" in Makkah (After being converted to Baitul Muqaddas in Jerusalem for a short period of time). This     took place two years after Hijrah on the 15th of Shabaan.
3. Fasting in the blessed month of Ramadan was made compulsory two years A.H. on the 25th of Shabaan.
4. Three years A.H. Hafsa (R.A.) was joined in matrimony with the Prophet (Peace be upon him).
5. In this very month forty two years later Hafsa (R.A.) took leave from this world.
6. The birth of the Prophet's (Peace be upon him) grandson Hazrat Hussain (R.A.) took place, four years on the fifth of Shabaan.
7. The battle of Banu Mustaliq took place in Shabaan.
8. During the above mentioned battle, the "Aayah of Tayammum" (Purifying with sand before Salat) was revealed, five years A.H.
9. The daughter of the beloved Prophet (Peace be upon him) Umme Kulsum (R.A.) took leave from this world, nine years A.H.


Ramadan
It is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar.
Meaning of the Word "Ramadan":
Ramadan is derived from the Arabic word "RAMADA", literally this means "Intense Heat". The possible number of reasons defining the acquisition of the name "RAMADAN" is as established below:
1. When the Islamic months were enforced the month of fasting coincided with the summer months of intense heat.
2. The second reason which has been mentioned is that due to fasting the temperature within the stomach increases, again the element of heat is a factor behind the actual naming of     RAMADAN.
3. It has also been said that "RAMADA" is one of the names of Allah. If that is the case then the month has acquired the name due to the fact that Allah burns away accumulated sins and     eliminates from the list of unlawful deeds. Once again the burning sins co-notates "HEAT". However, it should be acknowledged that this reasoning is not wholly reliable.
A Hadith Regarding Ramadan:
Hazrat Salmaan (R.A.) reports that on the last day of Shabaan the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said, "Oh people, there comes before you now a great month, a most blessed month in which lies a night more greater in virtue than 1,000 months; (LAYLATUL-QADR). It is a month in which each day should be observed by fasting, this has been made obligatory by the Almighty Allah."
Great Events Those Took Place in Ramadan:
1. Hazrat Hasan (R.A.), the grandson of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) was born in this month on the 15th of Ramadan, three years after Hijrah.
2. On the 27th night of Ramadan the Qur'an was revealed from the "Lauhe Mahfooz" (On the seventh sky. to the first of the skies)
3. The first Battle in the Islamic History, "BATTLE OF BADR" took place on the 12th of Ramadan 2 A.H.
4. Victory of Makkah took place in the year 8 A.H, entering Makkah on the 18th of Ramadan.
Matrimonies within Ramadan:
1. Sawdah (R.A.) was married in this Holy month in the year 10 A.H. to the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him).
2. Zainab Bint-e-Khuzayma's (R.A.) marriage took place in Ramadan in the year 3 A.H. with the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him).
Deaths in Ramadan:
1. Amongst the daughters of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him ), Ruqayyah (R.A.) passed away at the young age of 23, when the Prophet (Peace be upon him) was engaged in the     "Battle of Badr".
2. Amongst the wives of the Holy prophet (Peace be upon him) Khadijah (R.A.) departed from this world on the 11th of Ramadan 10 A.H. after the Prophet (Peace be upon him) acquired     prophecy.
3. Fatimah (R.A.) took leave from the world on a third Ramadan 11 A.H. (6 months after the Prophet (Peace be upon him) she was then 29 years old.
4. Hazrat Abbas (R.A.) the Holy Prophet's (Peace be upon him) uncle passed away on 12th Ramadan 32 A.H at the age of 88.
5. Hazrat Ali (R.A.) the Prophet (Peace be upon him) son-in-law met martyrdom in Ramadan.
6. Saffiyah (R.A.) took leave from this world in 50 (A.H.), aged 60 years in Ramadan.
7. Aaisha (R.A.) was 65 years old when she departed in the year 58 A.H in Ramadan.


Shawwaal
It is the tenth month of the Islamic calendar.
Meaning of the Word "Shawwaal":
Uplift/breakage. Before Islam, Arabs believed that any marriage held in Shawwaal would always turn out to be unsuccessful. Hence, the month deprived the above mentioned meanings; however the superstitious belief was later abolished by Islam.
The Month of Shawwaal:
The first day of Shawwaal is Eid-Ul-Fitr and also the day when sins are forgiven.
Six Fasts of Shawwaal:
In the month of Shawwaal it is Sunnah to keep six fasts, as narrated in the following Hadeeth by Abu Ayyub Ansari (R.A.) that the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) has said, "If one throughout his life keeps the fasts of Ramadan and keeps six consecutive fasts in Shawwaal it will be though as he has kept a whole life time of fasts, and if one keeps the six consecutive fasts for one Shawwaal month it will be as though he has observed fast all year round." (Muslim)
Events in Shawwaal:
1. Aaisha Siddiqa (R.A.) was born in Shawwaal four years after Prophet hood which is nine years before Hijrah.
2. Hazrat Aaishah Siddiqah (R.A.) was married in this month ten years after Prophet Hood which is three years before Hijrah.
3. The fight between Banu Qaynaqaa took place between the battle of Badr and Uhud in Shawwaal 2 A.H. (After Hijrah).
4. The battle of Uhud also took place in Shawwaal, three years after Hijrah.
5. Hazrat Hussain (R.A.) the Holy Prophet's (Peace be upon him) grandson (Son of Fatima R.A.) was born in the month of Shawwaal four years after Hijrah.
6. The Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) married Umme Salamah (R.A.) in Shawwaal in the fourth year after Hijrah.
7. Hazrat Aaishah Siddiqa's (R.A) mother passed away in 5 A.H.
8. The Holy Prophet's (Peace be upon him) uncle Abu Talib departed from this world during the middle of Shawwaal in the year 5 A.H.
9. Imam Bukhari (R.A.) was born on a Friday of Shawwaal in the year 194 A.H.


Zi-Qadh
It is the eleventh month of the Islamic calendar.
Events During the Month of Zi-Qadh:
1. The battle of 'Khandaq (Trench) or Ahzab' took place in 5 A.H.
2. 6 A.H. - Truce of Hudabiyah.
3. 6 A.H 'Bayt-e-Rizwan' (The oath of allegiance named Rizwan).
4. The return to Makkah for the performance of Umrah by the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and his companions (R.A.) in 7 A.H.


Zil-Hijjah
It is the last (i.e. twelfth) month of the Islamic calendar.
Meaning of the Word "Zil-Hijjah":
Meaning of the word Zil-Hijjah is the month of "Hajj" (Pilgrimage).
About the Month of Zul-Hijjah:
The fifth pillar of Islam "Hajj" is performed in this sacred month. The first ten days of Zil-Hijjah are the most virtuous days in this whole month. Hajj is performed amongst these ten days.
Ahadith Related to Zil-Hijjah:
Hazrat Abu Huraira (R.A) reports from the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him): "Amongst all days there are none better to engage in sole worship of Allah than in the ten days of Zil-Hijjah. To observe a fast on any of these days is equivalent to fasting throughout the year, to actively engage in prayer and worship throughout any of these nights holds such rewarding values leveling with "night of power" (Laylatul-Qadr)" (Tirmizi).
It has been stated in the Holy Quran, "By the dawn; By the ten nights (ie. The first ten days of the month of Zil-Hijjah), and by the even and the odd (of all the creations of Allah) and by night when it departs. There is indeed in them (the above oaths) sufficient proofs for men of understanding. (and that they should avoid all kinds of sins and disbelieves.)"
Hazrat Abu Qatadah (R.A.) reports in a part narration from the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) concerning the fast observed on the day of Arafaat: "I have full confidence in Allah for the one who observes a fast on the day of Arafaat that his previous year's sins and the proceeding year's sins are forgiven." (Muslim)
Events in Zil-Hijjah:
1. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) performed the farewell Hajj and gave the historic sermon known as the "Farewell Sermon or The Last Sermon of Prophet Mohammad (Peace be upon     him)".
2. Egypt was conquered by the army sent by Hazart Umar (R.A.).
3. Hazrat Usman (R.A.) was appointed the third Caliph.
4. Also "Bayt-e-Aqabah" took place.
Deaths in Zil-Hijjah:
Two famous deaths took place in this month:
1. Hazrat Umar (R.A.) met martydom- 27th of Zil-Hijjah 26 A.H.
2. Hazrat Usmaan (R.A) was martyred- 18th Zil-Hijjah 35 A.H.