The Story of Marium (Marry), Daughter of Imran
Allah Declares He Has No Son
In many verses of the Glorious Quran Allah the Exalted denied the claim of the Christians that He has a son.
A delegation from Nagran came to the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him). They began to talk about their claim about the Trinity, which is that Allah is three in one, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, with some disagreement among their sects. That is why Allah affirmed in many verses of the Quran that Isa (A.S.) is a slave of Allah, whom He molded in the womb of his mother like any other of His creatures, and that He created him without a father, as He created Adam (A.S.) without a father & mother.
The Birth of Marium (Mary) – Quranic
He (A.S.) was endowed with spiritual understanding from an early age. Allah enlightened his heart and mind and gave him wisdom from childhood. Allah the Almighty stated: And indeed We bestowed aforetime on Ibrahim his (portion of) guidance, and We were Well-Acquainted with him (as to his Belief in the Oneness of Allah, etc.). Surah 21:51
Allah the Almighty said: Allah chose Adam, Nuh, the family of Ibrahim and the family of Imran above the Alamin (mankind and jinns) (of their times). Offspring, one of the other, and Allah is the All-Hearer, All-Knower.
(Remember) when the wife of Imran said: “0 my Lord! I have vowed to You what (the child that) is in my womb to be dedicated for Your services (free from all worldly work; to serve Your Place of worship), so accept this, from me. Verily, You are the All-Hearer, the All-Knowing.”
Then when she delivered (her child Marium), she said: “0 my Lord! I have delivered a female child,” – and Allah knew better what she delivered, – “and the male is not like the female, and I have named her Marium, and I seek refuge with You (Allah) for her and for her offspring from Satan, the outcast.” Surah 3:33-36
Marium’s Sustenance – Quranic
So her Lord (Allah) accepted her with goodly acceptance. He made her grow in a good manner and put her under the care of Zakariah. Every time he entered Al-Mihrab (a praying place or a private room), he found her supplied with sustenance.
He said: “0 Marium! From where have you got this?”
She said: “From Allah. Verily, Allah provides sustenance to whom He wills, without limit.” Surah 3:37
Marium’s Family History
Allah declared that He had elected Adam (A.S.) and the elite of his offspring who obey Allah. Then He specified the family of Ibrahim (A.S.), which includes the sons of Ishmael (A.S.) and the family of Imran – the father of Marium.
Muhammad Ibn Ishaaq stated that he was Imran Ibn Bashim, Ibn Amun, Ibn Misha, Ibn Hosqia, Ibn Ahriq, Ibn Mutham, Ibn Azazia, Ibn Amisa, Ibn Yamish, Ibn Ahrihu, Ibn Yazem, Ibn Yahfashat, Ibn Eisha, Ibn Iyam, Ibn Rahbaam, Ibn Dawud (A.S.).
Marium’s Birth – Longer Version
Prophet Zakariah’s (A.S.) wife’s sister had a daughter named Hannah. She was married to Imran, a leader of the Israelites. For many years the couple remained childless.
Whenever Hannah saw another woman with a child, her longing for a baby increased. Although years had passed, she never lost hope. She believed that one day Allah would bless her with a child, on whom she would shower all her motherly love.
She turned to the Lord of the heavens and the earth and pleaded with Him for a child. She would offer the child in the service of Allah’s house, in the temple of Jerusalem. Allah granted her request. When she learned she was pregnant she was the happiest woman alive, and thanked Allah for His gift. Her overjoyed husband Imran also thanked Allah for His mercy.
However, while she was pregnant her husband passed away. Hannah wept bitterly. Alas, Imran did not live to see their child for whom they had so longed. She gave birth to a girl, and again turned to Allah in prayer: “0 my Lord, I have delivered a female child, and I have named her Marium, and I seek refuge with You (Allah) for her and her offspring from Satan, the outcast. Surah 3:36
Zakariah (A.S.) Becomes Marium’s Guardian
Hannah had a big problem in reference to her promise to Allah, for females were not accepted into the temple, and she was very worried. He sister’s husband, Zakariah (A.S.), comforted her, saying that Allah knew best what she had delivered and appreciated fully what she had offered in His service. She wrapped the baby in a shawl and handed it over to the temple elders.
As the baby was a girl, the question of her guardianship posed a problem for the elders. This was a child of their late and beloved leader, and everyone was eager to take care of her. Zakariah (A.S.) said to the elders: “I am the husband of her maternal aunt and her nearest relation in the temple; therefore, I will be more mindful of her than all of you. As it was their custom to draw lots to solve disagreements, they followed this course. Each one was given a reed to throw into the river. They had agreed that whoever’s reed remained afloat would be granted guardianship of the girl. All the reeds sank to the bottom except Zakariah’s (A.S.). With this sign, they all surrendered to the will of Allah and made him the guardian.
Marium’s High Status
To ensure that no one had access to Marium, Zakariah (A.S.) built a separate room for her in the temple. As she grew up, she spent her time in devotion to Allah. Zakariah (A.S.) visited her daily to see to her needs, and so it continued for many years. One day, he (A.S.) was surprised to find fresh fruit which was out of season in her room. As he (A.S.) was the only person who could enter her room, he (A.S.) asked her how the fruit got there. She replied that these provisions were from Allah, as He gives to whom He wills. Zakariah (A.S.) understood by this that Allah had raised Marium’s status above that of other women.
Thereafter, Zakariah (A.S.) spent more time with her, teaching and guiding her. Marium grew to be a devotee of Allah, glorifying Him day and night.
Ali Ibn Abi Talib (R.A.) narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: ‘The best of the world’s women is Marium (in her lifetime), and the best of the world’s women is Khadijah (in her lifetime).
Abu Musa Al-Ashari also narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “Many among men attained perfection, but among women none attained perfection except Marium the daughter of Imran, and Asiya the wife of Pharaoh; and the superiority of Aisha to other women is like the superiority of Tharid (an Arabic dish) to other meals.”
The Birth of Prophet Isa (A.S.)
Marium Receives News of Isa (A.S.)
Allah the Exalted revealed: And mention in the Book (the Quran, 0 Muhammad the story of) Marium, when she withdrew in seclusion from her family to a place facing east. She placed a screen (to screen herself) from them; then We sent to her Our Spirit (angel), and he appeared before her in the form of a man in all respects.
She said: “Verily! I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (Allah) from you, if you do fear Allah.”
(The angel) said: “I am only a Messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a righteous son.”
She said: “How can I have a son, when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste?” He said: ‘So (it will be), your Lord said: That is easy for Me (Allah): and (We wish) to appoint him as a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us (Allah), and it is a matter (already) decreed. (by Allah).” Surah 19:16-21
The Brith of Isa (A.S.)
The angel’s visit caused Marium great anxiety, which increased as the months went by. How could she face giving birth to a child without having a husband? Later, she felt life kicking inside her. With a heavy heart, she left the temple and went to Nazareth, the city in which she had been born where she settled in a simple farm house to avoid the public.
But fear and anxiety did not leave her. She was from a noble and pious family. Her father had not been an evil man nor was her mother an impure woman. How could she prevent tongues from wagging about her honor?
After some months, she could not bear the mental strain any longer. Burdened with a heavy womb, she left Nazareth, not knowing where to go to be away from this depressing atmosphere.
She had not gone far, when she was overtaken by the pains of childbirth. She sat down against a dry palm tree, and here she gave birth to a son. Looking at her beautiful baby, she was hurt that she had brought him into the world without a father. She exclaimed: “I wish I had died before this happened and had vanished into nothingness!”
Suddenly, she heard a voice nearby: “Grieve not, your Lord has placed a rivulet below, and shake the trunk of this tree, from which ripe dates will fall. So eat and drink and regain the strength you have lost; and be of good cheer, for what you see is the power of Allah, Who made the dry palm tree regain life, in order to provide food for you.” For a while she was comforted by Allah’s miracle, for it was a sure sign of her innocence and purity.
Marium Returns to the City with Isa (A.S.)
She decided to return to the city. However, her fears also returned. What was she going to tell the people? As she was told earlier: “If you meet any person say: ‘I have vowed to fast for The Beneficent and may not speak to any human today.”‘ Surah 19:26, with this miracle, Marium felt at ease.
As she had expected, her arrival in the city with a newborn baby in her arms aroused the curiosity of the people. They scolded her: ‘This is a terrible sin that you have committed.” She put her finger to her lips and pointed to the child. They asked: “How can we speak to a newborn baby?” To their total amazement, the child began to speak clearly: “I am Allah’s servant. Allah has given me the Book, and has made me a prophet, and has blessed me wherever I may be, and has enjoined on me prayers and alms-giving as long as I live. Allah has made me dutiful towards she who has borne me. He has not made me arrogant nor unblessed. Peace unto me the day I was born, the day I die and the day I shall be raised alive.”
Most of the people realized that the baby was unique, for if Allah wills something, He merely says “Be” and it happens. Of course, there were some who regarded the baby’s speech as a strange trick, but at least Marium could now stay in Nazareth without being harassed.
The Birth of Isa (A.S.) – Quranic
So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a far place (ie, Bethlehem valley, about four to six miles from Jerusalem). And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. She said: “Would that I had died before this, and had been forgotten and out of sight!”
Then (Someone) cried unto her from below her, saying: “Grieve not! Your Lord has provided a water stream under you; and shake the trunk of palm tree towards you, it will let fall fresh ripe dates upon you. So eat and drink and be glad, and if you see any human being, say. ‘Verily! I have vowed a fast unto the Most Beneficent (Allah) so I shall not speak to any human being this day. Surah 19:22-26
Marium and Isa (A.S.) Return to the City – Quranic
Then she brought him (the baby) to her people, carrying him. They said: “0 Marium! Indeed you have brought a thing Fariyya (an unheard mighty thing). 0 sister (i.e. the like) of Aaron (not the brother of Moses, but he was another pious man at the time of Marium)! Your father was not a man who used to commit adultery, nor was your mother an unchaste woman.”
Then she pointed to him. They said: “How can we talk to one who is a child in the cradle?”
He (Isa (A.S.)) said: “Verily! I am a slave of Allah. He has given me the Scripture and made me a Prophet; And He has made me blessed wheresoever I be, and has enjoined on me prayer, and Zakat, as long as I remain alive, and dutiful to my mother, and made me not arrogant, unblest. And Salam (peace) be upon me the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I shall be raised alive!” Surah 19:27-33
Allah’s Message About Isa (A.S.) – Quranic
Such is Isa, son of Marium. (It is) a statement of truth, about which they doubt (or dispute). It befits not (the Majesty of) Allah that He should beget a son (this refers to the slander of Christians against Allah, by saying that Isa is the son of Allah). Glorified (and Exalted be He above all that they associate with Him). When He decrees a thing. He only says to it, “Be!” – and it is.
(Isa (A.S.) said): ‘And verily Allah is my Lord and your Lord. So worship Him (Alone). That is the Straight Path. (Allah Religion of Islamic Monotheism which He did ordain for all of His Prophets).”
Then the sects differed (i.e., the Christians about Isa (A.S.)), so woe unto the disbelievers (those who gave false witness saying that Isa (A.S.) is the son of Allah) from the meeting of a great Day (i.e., the Day of Resurrection, when they will be thrown in the blazing Fire).
How clearly will they (polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) see and hear, the Day when they will appear before Us! But the Zalimun (polytheists and wrongdoers) today are in plain error. And warn them (0 Muhammad) of the Day of grief and regrets, when the case has been decided, while (now) they are in a state of carelessness, and they believe not. Surah 19:34-39
Isa (A.S.) Upsets the Jews
The Jewish priests felt this child Isa (A.S.) was dangerous, for they felt that the people would turn their worship to Allah the Almighty alone, displacing the existing Jewish tenets. Consequently, they would lose their authority over the people. Therefore, they kept the miracle of Isa’s (A.S.) speech in infancy as a secret and accused Marium of a great misdeed.
Isa’s (A.S.) Ability to Debate
As Isa (A.S.) grew, the signs of prophet hood began to increase. He (A.S.) could tell his friends what kind of supper waited for them at home and what they had hidden and where. When he (A.S.) was twelve years old, he (A.S.) accompanied his mother to Jerusalem. There he (A.S.) wandered into the temple and joined a crowd listening to the lectures of the Rabbis (Jewish priests). The audience was all adults, but he (A.S.) was not afraid to sit with them. After listening intently, he (A.S.) asked questions and expressed his opinion. The learned rabbis were disturbed by the boy’s (A.S.) boldness and puzzled by the questions he (A.S.) asked, for they were unable to answer him. They tried to silence him, but he (A.S.) ignored their attempts and continued to express his views. Isa (A.S.) became so involved in this exchange that he (A.S.) forgot he was expected back home.
In the meantime, his mother went home, thinking that he (A.S.) might have gone back with relatives or friends. When she arrived, she discovered that he (A.S.) was not there, so she returned to the city to look for him. At last she found him in the temple, sitting among the learned, conversing with them. He (A.S.) appeared to be quite at ease, as if he (A.S.) had been doing this all his life. Marium got angry with him for causing her worry. He (A.S.) tried to assure her that all the arguing and debating with the learned had made him forget the time.
Isa (A.S.) Does Not Observe Sabbath
Isa (A.S.) grew up to manhood. It was Sabbath, a day of complete rest: no fire could be lit or extinguished, nor could females plait their hair. Musa (A.S.) had commanded that Saturday be dedicated to the worship of Allah. However, the wisdom behind the Sabbath and its spirit had gone, and only the letter remained in the Jews, hearts. Also, they thought that the Sabbath was kept in heaven, and that the People of Israel had been chosen by Allah only to observe the Sabbath.
They made a hundred things unlawful on Saturday even self-defense or calling a doctor to save a patient who was in bad condition. This is how their life was branded by such hypocrisy. Although the Pharisees were guardians of the law, they were ready to sell it when their interests were involved so as to obtain personal gains. There was, for example, a rule which prohibited a journey of more than one thousand yards on the Sabbath day. What do we expect of the Pharisees in this case? The day before, they transferred their food and drink from their homes two thousand yards away and erected a temporary house so that from there they could travel a further thousand yards on the Sabbath day.
Isa (A.S.) was on his way to the temple. Although it was the Sabbath, he (A.S.) reached out his hand to pick two pieces of fruit to feed a hungry child. This was considered to be a violation of the Sabbath law. He (A.S.) made a fire for the old women to keep themselves warm from the freezing air. Another violation. He (A.S.) went to the temple and looked around. There were twenty thousand Jewish priests registered there who earned their living from the temple. The rooms of the temple were full of them.
Isa (A.S.) Receives His Prophet hood
Isa (A.S.) observed that the visitors were much fewer than the priests. Yet the temple was full of sheep and doves which were sold to the people to be offered as sacrifices. Every step in the temple cost the visitor money. They worshipped nothing but money. In the temple the Pharisees and Sadducees acted as if it were a market place and these two groups always disagreed on everything. Isa (A.S.) followed the scene with his eyes and observed that the poor people who could not afford the price of the sheep or dove were swept away like flies by the Pharisees and Saducees. Isa (A.S.) was astonished. Why did the priests burn a lot of offerings inside the temple, while thousands of poor people were hungry outside it?
On this blessed night, the two noble prophets Yahya (A.S.) and Zakariah (A.S.) died, killed by the ruling authority. On the same night, the revelation descended upon Isa (A.S.). Allah the Exalted commanded him to begin his call to the children of Israel. To Isa (A.S.), the life of ease was closed, and the page of worship and struggle was opened.
Isa’s (A.S.) Message
Like an opposing force, the message of Isa (A.S.) came to denounce the practices of the Pharisees and Saducees and to reinforce the Law of Musa (A.S.). In the face of a materialistic age of luxury and worship of gold, Isa (A.S.) called his people to a nobler life by word and deed. This exemplary life was the only way out of the wretchedness and diseases of his age.
Isa’s (A.S.) call, from the beginning, was marked by its complete uprightness and piety. It appealed to the soul, the inner being, and not to a closed system of rules laid down by society.
Isa (A.S.) continued inviting the people to Almighty Allah. His call was based on the principle that there is no mediation between the Creator and His creatures. However, Isa (A.S.) was in conflict with the Jews superficial interpretation of the Torah. He (A.S.) said that he (A.S.) did not come to abrogate the Torah, but to complete it by going to the spirit of its substance to arrive at its essence.
He (A.S.) made the Jews understand that the Ten Commandments have more value than they imagined. For instance, the fifth commandment does not only prohibit physical killing, but all forms of killing: physical, psychological, or spiritual. And the sixth commandment does not prohibit adultery only in the sense of unlawful physical contact between a man and a woman, but also prohibits all forms of unlawful relations or acts that might lead to adultery. The eye commits adultery when it looks at anything with passion.
Isa (A.S.) Denounces Materialism
Isa (A.S.) was therefore in confrontation with the materialistic people. He (A.S.) told them to desist from hypocrisy, show and false praise. There was no need to hoard wealth in this life. They should not preoccupy themselves with the goods of this passing world; rather they must preoccupy themselves with the affairs of the coming world because it would be everlasting.
Isa (A.S.) told them that caring for this world is a sin, not fit for pious worshipers. The disbelievers care for it because they do not know a better way. As for the believers, they know that their sustenance is with Allah, so they trust in Him and scorn this world. Isa (A.S.) continued to invite people to worship the Only Lord, Who is without partner, just as he (A.S.) invited them to purify the heart and soul.
Jewish Priests Try to Embarrass Isa (A.S.)
His teaching annoyed the priests, for every word of Isa (A.S.) was a threat to them and their position, exposing their misdeeds.
The Roman occupiers had, at first, no intention of being involved in this religious discord of the Jews because it was an internal affair, and they saw that this dispute would distract the Jews from the question of the occupation.
However, the priests started to plot against Isa (A.S.). They wanted to embarrass him and to prove that he (A.S.) had come to destroy the Mosaic Law. The Mosaic Law provides that an adulterous be stoned to death. They brought him a Jewish adulteress and asked Isa (A.S.): “Does not the law stipulate the stoning of the adulteress?” Isa (A.S.) answered: “Yes.” They said: “This woman is an adulterous.” Isa (A.S.) looked at the woman and then at the priests. He (A.S.) knew that they were more sinful than she. They agreed that she should be killed according to Mosaic Law, and they understood that if he (A.S.) was going to apply Mosaic Law, he (A.S.) would be destroying his own rules of forgiveness and mercy.
Isa (A.S.) understood their plan. He (A.S.) smiled and assented: “Whoever among you is sinless can stone her.” His voice rose in the middle of the Temple, making a new law on adultery, for the sinless to judge sin. There was none eligible; no mortal can judge sin, only Allah the Most Merciful.
As Isa (A.S.) left the temple, the woman followed him. She took out a bottle of perfume from her garments, knelt before his feet and washed them with perfume and tears, and then dried his feet with her hair. Isa (A.S.) turned to the woman and told her to stand up, adding: “0 Lord, forgive her sins.” He (A.S.) let the priests understand that those who call people to Almighty Allah are not executioners. His call was based on mercy for the people, the aim of all divine calls.
Isa’s (A.S.) Brings the Dead to Life
Isa (A.S.) continued to pray to Allah for mercy on his people and to teach his people to have mercy on one another and to believe in Allah.
Isa (A.S.) continued his mission, aided by divine miracles. Some Quranic commentators said that Isa (A.S.) brought four people back from the dead: a friend of his named Al-Azam, an old woman’s son, and a woman’s only daughter. These three had died during his lifetime. When the Jews saw this they said: “You only resurrect those who have died recently; perhaps they only fainted.” They asked him to bring back to life Sam the Ibn Nuh (A.S.).
When he (A.S.) asked them to show him his grave, the people accompanied him there. Isa (A.S.) invoked Allah the Exalted to bring him back to life and behold, Sam the Ibn Nuh (A.S.) came out from the grave gray-haired. Isa (A.S.) asked: “How did you get gray hair, when there was no aging in your time?” He answered: “0, Spirit of Allah, I thought that the Day of Resurrection had come; from the fear of that day my hair turned gray.”
The Miracles of Isa (A.S.) – Quranic
Allah the Almighty said: (Remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): ‘O Isa, son of Marium! Remember My favour unto thee and unto thy mother; how I strengthened thee with the holy Spirit, so that thou spakest unto mankind in the cradle as in maturity; and how I taught thee the Scripture and Wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and how thou didst shape of clay as it were the likeness of a bird by My permission, and didst blow upon it and it was a bird by My permission, and thou didst heal him who was born blind and the leper by My permission; and how thou didst raise the dead by My permission; and how I restrained the Children of Israel from (harming) thee when thou camest unto them with clear proofs, and those of them who disbelieved exclaimed: This is naught else than evident magic;
And when I (Allah) put in the hearts of the disciples (of Isa) to believe in Me and My Messenger, they said: “We believe. And bear witness that we are Muslims. ” Surah 5:110-111
Isa’s (A.S.) Abilities and Disciples – Quranic
Almighty Allah also revealed: And He (Allah) will teach him (Isa) the Book and Al-Hikmah (i.e. the Sunna, the faultless speech of the Prophets, wisdom, etc.), (and) the Torah and the Gospel.
And will make him (Isa) a Messenger to the Children of Israel (saying): “I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, that I design for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah Leave; and I heal him who was born blind, and the leper, and I bring the dead to life by Allah’s leave. And I inform you of what you eat, and what you store in your houses. Surely, therein is a sign for you, if you believe. And I have come confirming that which was before me of the Torah, and to make lawful to you part of what was forbidden to you, and I have come to you with proof from your Lord. So fear Allah and obey me. Truly! Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him (Alone). This is the Straight Path.”
Then when Isa came to know of their disbelief he said: “Who will be my helpers in Allah’s Cause?” The disciples said: “We are the helpers of Allah; we believe in Allah, and bear witness that we are Muslims (i.e. we submit to Allah).”
Our Lord! We believe in what You have sent down, and we follow the Messenger (Isa); so write us down among those who bear witness (to the truth i.e. La ilaha ill Allah – none has the right to be worshiped but Allah).
And they (disbelievers) plotted (to kill Isa), and Allah planned too. And Allah is the Best of the planners. Surah 3:48-54
Allah Sends the Disciples a Feast
Isa (A.S.) continued calling people to Almighty Allah and laying down for them what might be called “the law of the Spirit.” Once when standing on a mountain surrounded by his disciples, Isa (A.S.) saw that those who believed in him were from among the poor, the wretched, and the downtrodden, and their number was small.
Some of the miracles which Isa (A.S.) performed had been requested by his disciples, such as their wish for a “holy table” to be sent down from heaven.
When the disciples said: O Isa, son of Marium! Is thy Lord able to send down for us a table spread with food from heaven? He said: Observe your duty to Allah, if ye are true believers. (112) (They said:) We wish to eat thereof, that we may satisfy our hearts and know that thou hast spoken truth to us, and that thereof we may be witnesses. (113) Jesus, son of Mary, said: O Allah, Lord of us! Send down for us a table spread with food from heaven, that it may be a feast for us, for the first of us and for the last of us, and a sign from Thee. Give us sustenance, for Thou art the Best of Sustainers. (114) Allah said: Lo! I send it down for you. And whoso disbelieveth of you afterward, him surely will I punish with a punishment wherewith I have not punished any of (My) creatures. Surah 5:112-115
It was related that Isa (A.S.) commanded his disciples to fast for thirty days; at the end of it, they asked Isa (A.S.) to bring food from heaven to break their fast. Isa (A.S.) prayed to Allah after his disciples had doubted Allah’s power. The great table came down between two clouds, one above and one below, while the people watched. Isa (A.S.) said: “0 Lord, make it a mercy and not a cause of distress.” So it fell between Isa’s (A.S.) hands, covered with a napkin.
Isa (A.S.) suddenly prostrated and his disciples with him. They sensed a fragrance which they had never smelled before. Isa (A.S.) said: ‘The one who is the most devout and most righteous may uncover the table, that we might eat of it to thank Allah for it.” They said: “0 Spirit of Allah, you are the most deserving.”
Isa (A.S.) stood up, then performed ablution and prayed before uncovering the table, and behold, there was a roasted fish. The disciples said: “0 Spirit of Allah, is this the food of this world or of Paradise?” Isa (A.S.) said to his disciples: “Did not Allah forbid you to ask questions? It is the divine power of Allah the Almighty Who said: ‘Be,’ and it was. It is a sign from Almighty Allah warning of great punishment for unbelieving mortals of the world. This is the kernel of the matter.”
It is said that thousands of people partook of it, and yet they never exhausted it. A further miracle was that the blind and lepers were cured.
The Day of the Table became one of the holy days for the disciples and followers of Isa (A.S.). Later on, the disciples and followers forgot the real essence of the miracles, and so they worshipped Isa (A.S.) as a god.
Allah’s Questions to Isa (A.S.)
Almighty Allah asserted: And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): “0 Isa son of Marium! Did you say unto men: ‘Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah?” He will say: “Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner-self though I do not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the All-Knower of all that is hidden and unseen. Never did I say to them aught except what You (Allah) did command me to say: ‘Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord’, And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them, but when You took me up, You were the Watcher over them, and You are a Witness to all things. (This is a great admonition and warning to the Christians of the whole world). If you punish them, they are Your slaves, and if You forgive them, Verily You, only You are the All-Mighty the All- Wise.”
Allah will say: “This is a Day on which the truthful will profit from their truth: theirs are Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise) – they shall abide therein forever. Allah is pleased with them and they with Him. That is the great success (Paradise). To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is therein, and He is Able to do all things.” Surah 5:116-120
The Jews Plot to Kill Isa (A.S.)
Isa (A.S.) went on with his mission until vice knew that its throne was threatening to fall. So the forces of evil accused him of magic, infringement of the Mosaic Law, allegiance with the devil; and when they saw that the poor people followed him, they began to scheme against him.
The Sanhedrin, the highest judicial and ecclesiastical council of the Jews, began to meet to plot against Isa (A.S.). The plan took a new turn. When the Jews failed to stop Isa’s (A.S.) call, they decided to kill him. The chief priests held secret meetings to agree on the best way of getting rid of Isa (A.S.).
While they were in such a meeting, one of the twelve apostles of Isa (A.S.), Judas Iscariot, went to them and asked: “What will you give me if I deliver him to you?” Judas bargained with them until they agreed to give him thirty pieces of silver known as shekels. The plot was laid for the capture and murder of Isa (A.S.).
It was said that the high priest of the Jews tore his garment at the meeting, claiming that Isa (A.S.) had denied Judaism. The tearing of clothes at that time was a sign of disgust.
The Torture of Isa (A.S.)
The priests had no authority to pass the death sentence at that time, so they convinced the Roman governor that Isa (A.S.) was plotting against the security of the Roman Empire and urged him to take immediate action against him. The governor ordered that Isa (A.S.) be arrested.
According to the Book of Matthew, Isa (A.S.) was arrested and the council of the high priests passed the death sentence upon him. Then, they began insulting him, spitting on his face and kicking him.
It was the Roman custom for the condemned to be flogged before they were executed. So Pilate, the Roman governor, ordered that Isa (A.S.) be flogged. The Mosaic Law stipulates forty lashes, but the Romans had no limit, and they were brutal lashes. After that, Isa (A.S.) was handed to the soldiers for crucifixion. They took off his clothes and kept them. They put a crown of thorns on his head to mock him. According to custom he (A.S.)carried his cross on his back to increase his suffering.
Isa’s (A.S.) Crucifixion – Bible Version
Finally, they reached a place called Golgotha, meaning the Place of Skulls, outside the walls of Jerusalem. Instead of giving him a cup of wine diluted with scent to help lessen the pain on the cross, the soldiers gave Isa (A.S.) a cup of vinegar diluted with gall. Then they crucified him and, as a further mockery, two thieves with him. So it is written in the Bible.
Isa’s (A.S.) Crucifixion – Quranic
But the faith of Islam came with views quite different from that of the extant gospels with regards to both the end of Isa (A.S.) and his nature.
The Glorious Quran affirms that Allah the Exalted did not permit the people of Israel to kill Isa (A.S.) or crucify him. What happened was that Allah saved him from his enemies and raised him to heaven. They never killed Isa (A.S.); they killed someone else. Allah the Almighty declared: And because of their saying (in boast), “We killed Messiah Isa, son of Marium the Messenger of Allah,” – but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but the resemblance of Isa was put over another man (and they killed that man), and those who differ therein are full of doubts. They have no (certain) knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they killed him not (i.e. Isa, son of Marium): But Allah raised him (Isa) up (with his body and soul) unto Himself (and he is in the heavens). And Allah is Ever All-Powerful, all- Wise.
And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), but must believe in him (Isa, son of Marium as only a Messenger of Allah and a human being), before his (Isa or a Jew’s or a Christian’s) death (at the time of the appearance of the angel of death). And on the Day of Resurrection, he (Isa) will be a witness against them. Surah 4:157-159
Almighty Allah also revealed: And (remember) when Allah said: “0 Isa! I will take you and raise you to Myself and clear you (of the forged statement that Isa is Allah son) of those who disbelieve, and I will make those who follow you (Monotheists, who worship none but Allah) superior to those who disbelieve (in the Oneness of Allah, or disbelieve in some of His Messengers, e.g. Muhammad, Isa, Moses, etc., or in His Holy Books, e.g. the Torah, the Gospel, the Quran) till the Day of Resurrection. Then you will return to Me and I will judge between you in the matters in which you used to dispute. Surah 3:55
Refutation of the Christians Claim
Allah Disclaims Begetting Anyone – Surah 19
Almighty Allah refuted the claims of the Jews and the Christians in many verses of the Glorious Quran.
And they say: ‘The Most Beneficent (Allah) has begotten a son (or offspring or children) [as the Jews say: Uzair is the son of Allah, and the Christians say that He has begotten a son (Christ), and the pagan some say that He has begotten daughters (angels, etc.).] Indeed you have brought forth (said) a terrible evil thing Where by the heavens are almost torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains fall in ruins, that they ascribe a son (or offspring or children) to the Most Beneficent (Allah). But it is not suitable for (the Majesty of) the Most Beneficent (Allah) that He should beget a son (or offspring or children). There is none in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most Beneficent (Allah) as a slave. Verily He knows each one of them, and has counted them a full counting And everyone of them will come to Him alone on the Day of Resurrection (without any helper, or protector or defender). Surah 19:88-95
Allah Disclaims Begetting Anyone – Surah 6
Allah the Exalted also declared: Yet, they join the jinns as partners in worship with Allah, though He has created them (the jinns), and they attribute falsely without knowledge sons and daughters to Him. Be He Glorified! And Exalted above (all) that they attribute to Him.
He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth. How can He have children when He has no wife? He created all things and He is the All-Knower of everything.
Such is Allah your Lord! La ilaha ill Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Creator of all things. So worship Him (Alone), and He is the Wakil (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian etc.) over all things.
No vision can grasp Him, but His Grasp is over all vision. He is the Most Subtle and Courteous, Well-Acquainted with all things. Surah 6:100-103
Allah Disclaims Begetting Anyone – Surah 4
Almighty Allah commanded: 0 people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Do not exceed the limits in your religion, nor say of Allah aught but the truth. The Messiah Isa, son of Marium was (no more than) a Messenger of Allah and His Word, (“Be” – and he was) which He bestowed on Marium and a spirit (Ruh) created by Him; so believe in Allah and His Messengers. Say not: ‘Three (trinity)!” Cease! (It is) better for you. For Allah is (the only) One Ilah (God), Glory be to Him (Far Exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah is All-Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs.
The Messiah will never be proud to reject to be a slave to Allah, nor the angels who are near (to Allah). And whosoever rejects His worship and is proud, then He will gather them all together unto Himself So, as for those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) and did deeds of righteousness, He will give their (due) rewards, and more out of His Bounty. But as for those who refuse His worship and were proud, He will punish them with a painful torment. And they will not find for themselves besides Allah any protector or helper. Surah 4:171-173
Allah Disclaims Uzair (A.S.) as a Son
Almighty Allah also declared: And the Jews say: Uzair is the son of Allah, and the Christians say: Messiah is the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouths. They imitate the saying of the disbelievers of old. Allah Curse be on them, how they are deluded away from the truth!
They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allah, (by obeying them in things which they made lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by Allah) and (they also took as their lord) Messiah, son of Marium, while they (Jews and Christians) were commanded (in the Torah and the Gospel) to worship none but One Ilah (God – Allah) La ilaha ill Allah (none has the right to be worshiped but He). Praise and glory be to Him, (far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him) He it is Who hath sent His messenger with the guidance and the Religion of Truth, that He may cause it to prevail over all religion, however much the idolaters may be averse.. Surah 9:30-33
Allah Disclaims Begetting Anyone – Surah 37
Allah the Almighty also revealed: Now ask them (0 Muhammad): ‘Are there (only) daughters for your Lord and sons for them?” Or did We create the angels females while they were witnesses?
Verily it is of their falsehood that they (Quraish pagans) say: ‘Allah has begotten offspring or children (i.e. angels are the daughters of Allah) And, verily they are liars! Has He (then) chosen daughters rather than sons? What is the matter with you? How do you decide? Will you not then remember? Or is there for you a plain authority? Then bring your Book if you are truthful!
And they have invented a kinship, between Him and the jinns, but the jinn know well that they have indeed to appear (before Him) (i.e. they will be brought for accounts). Glorified be Allah! (He is free) from what they attribute unto Him! Except the slaves of Allah, whom He chooses (for His Mercy i.e. true believers of Islamic Monotheism who do not attribute false things unto Allah). Surah 37:149-160
Allah Disclaims Begetting Anyone – Surah 6 (Different Verses)
And Almighty Allah declared: Surely in disbelief are they who say that Allah is the Messiah, son of Marium. Say (0 Muhammad): “Who then has the least power against Allah, if He were to destroy the Messiah, son of Marium his mother, and all those who are on the earth together?” And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them. He creates what He wills. And Allah is Able to do all things.
And (both) the Jews and the Christians say: “We are the children of Allah and His loved ones.” Say: “Why then does He punish you for your sins?” Nay you are but human beings, of those He has created, He forgives whom He wills and He punishes whom He wills. And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, and to Him is the return (of all).
O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Now has come to you Our Messenger (Muhammad) making (things) clear unto you, after a break in (the series of) Messengers, lest you say: ‘There came unto us no bringer of glad tidings and no warner.” But now has come unto you a bringer of glad tidings and a warner. And Allah is Able to do all things. Surah 6:17-19
Allah Disclaims Christian Beliefs About Isa (A.S.)
Allah the Exalted warned: Surely they have disbelieved who say: ‘Allah is the Messiah (Isa), son of Marium.” But the Messiah (Isa) said: “O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Verily whosoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode. And for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) there are no helpers.
Surely disbelievers are those who said: ‘Allah is the third of the three (in a Trinity).” But there is no Ilah (God) (none who has the right to be worshipped) but One Ilah (God- Allah). And if they cease not from what they say verily a painful torment will befall the disbelievers among them.
Will they not repent to Allah and ask His Forgiveness? For Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.
The Messiah (Isa), son of Marium, was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers that passed away before him. His mother (Marium) was a Siddiqah i.e. she believed in the Words of Allah and His Books. They both used to eat food (as any other human being, while Allah does not eat). Look how We make the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) clear to them, yet look how they are deluded away (from the truth).
Allah Disclaims Begetting Anyone – Surah 17
And Almighty Allah ordered: And say: ‘All the praises and thanks be to Allah, Who has not begotten a son (nor an offspring), and Who has no partner in (His) Dominion, nor He is low to have a Wali (helper, protector or supporter). And magnify Him with all the magnificence, Allahu Akbar (Allah is the Most Great).” Surah 17:111
Allah Disclaims Begetting Anyone – Surah 112
The pagans once asked the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH): ‘To whom is your Lord related, His original ancestors and His various branches of descendants?” It is also reported that the Jews said: “We worship Uzair (A.S.), the Son of Allah,” and the Christians said: “Isa (A.S.) is the Son of Allah,” and the Magians said: “We worship the sun and the moon,” and the Pagans said: “We worship idols.”
In response to all of them Allah revealed some of His attributes: Unity, Uniqueness, and other substantives:
Say (0 Muhammad): “He is Allah, (the) One. Allah Us Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks). He begets not, nor was He begotten; and there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.” Surah 112:1-4