Juwayriyya bint-e-Haris (R.A.) married the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) in 5 AH not long after his (Peace be upon him) marriage to Zaynab bint-e-Jahsh (R.A.) and as a result of the Muslims successful campaign against the Banu Mustaliq who were swiftly defeated after the Prophet’s (Peace be upon him) surprise attack. Among the captives taken in this campaign was the beautiful Juwayriyya (R.A.), the daughter of Al-Haris, who was the chief of the Banu Mustaliq. She (R.A.) was afraid that once the Muslims realized who she (R.A.) was, they would demand an exorbitant ransom for her (R.A.) safe release. After the Muslims had returned to Medina with their booty and prisoners, she (R.A.) demanded to see the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) hoping that he (Peace be upon him) would help to prevent what she (R.A.) feared. She (R.A.) persisted to see the Prophet (Peace be upon him), and eventually she (R.A.) was permitted to do so and was taken to him (Peace be upon him) while he (Peace be upon him) was with Aisha (R.A.). After she (R.A.) had finished speaking, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) thought for a moment, and then said, “Shall I tell you what would be better than this?”
He (Peace be upon him) then asked her (R.A.) to marry him (Peace be upon him) and she (R.A.) immediately accepted. Although Juwayriyya (R.A.) was young and beautiful and of noble lineage, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) was thinking of how to save her (R.A.) and all her (R.A.) tribe from an ignoble fate. By marrying Juwayriyya (R.A.) the Banu Mustaliq would be able to enter Islam with honor, and with the humiliation of their recent defeat removed, so that it would no longer be felt necessary by them to embark on a war of vengeance that would have continued until one of the two parties had been annihilated. As soon as the marriage was announced, all the booty that had been taken from the Banu Mustaliq was returned and all the captives were set free, for they were now the in laws of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him). Thus Aisha (R.A.) once said of Juwayriyya (R.A.), “I know of no woman who was more of a blessing to her people than Juwayriyya bint-e-al-Haris (R.A.).”
It has been related by Juwayriyya (R.A.) that early one morning the Messenger (Peace be upon him) left her (R.A.) room while she (R.A.) was doing the dawn prayer. He (Peace be upon him) returned later that morning and she (R.A.) was still sitting in the same place. “Have you been sitting in the same place since I left you?”
he (Peace be upon him) asked. “Yes,” she (R.A.) replied. Whereupon the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said, “I recited four phrases three times after I left you, and if these were to be weighed against what you have been reciting since dawn, they would still outweigh them. They are: ‘Glory be to Allah and Praise be to Him as much as the number of his creations, and His pleasure, and the weight of His Throne, and the ink of His words.’” Which reminds us of the following Ayat of the Quran:
Say: If the sea were the ink for the words of My Lord, truly the sea would be used up before the words of my Lord were completed, and even if We used the same again to assist. (Quran 18:109)
Juwayriyya (R.A.) was married to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) for six years, and lived for another thirty-nine years after his (Peace be upon him) death, dying in 50 AH. May Allah be pleased with her (R.A.).