Maymuna Bint-e-Al Haris (R.A.)

Maymuna bint-e-al-Haris (R.A.) married the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) in 7 AH. Maymuna’s (R.A.) sister, Umm-e-Al-Fadl Lubaba (R.A.) is the mother of Abdullah bin Abbas (R.A.), the son of one of the uncles of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and the one of the wisest of his (Peace be upon him) Companions (R.A.). Umm-e- al-Fadl (R.A.) was one of the earliest Companions (R.A.) of the Prophet (Peace be upon him). Once Abu Lahab, the enemy of Allah and the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) entered the house of his brother, Al-Abbas (R.A.), and proceeded to attack Abbas’s (R.A.) slave, Abu Rafi (R.A.), because he (R.A.) had embraced Islam. Abu Lahab knocked him (R.A.) to the ground and knelt on him (R.A.), continuing to beat him (R.A.). Umm-e-Al Fadl (R.A.) grabbed a post that was there and cracked it across Abu Lahab’s head, saying, “Will you victimize him (R.A.) because his (R.A.) master is absent?” He treated in shame and died a week later.
Zaynab bint-e-Khuzayma (R.A.), Umm-e- al Muminin, was also her (R.A.) half-sister. Her (R.A.) other sisters included Asma bint-e-Umays (R.A.), the wife of Jafar bin Abi Talib (R.A.), who later married Abu Bakr (R.A.), and Salma bint-e-Umays (R.A.), the wife of Hamza (R.A.), the “Lion of Allah”. Her (R.A.) full sisters were Lubaba, Asma and Izza. Maymuna (R.A.) was thus one of the ‘Ahlul-Bayt’ , ‘the people of the House’, not only by virtue of being a wife of the Prophet, (Peace be upon him) but also because she (R.A.) was related to him (Peace be upon him).
Zayd bin Arqam (R.A.) related that the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said, “I implore you by Allah! The People of my House!” three times. Zayd (R.A.) was asked who were the People of the House, and he (R.A.) said, “The family of Ali bin Abi Talib (R.A.), the family of Jafar bin Abi Talib (R.A.), the family of Aqil bin Abi Talib (R.A.) and the family of Al Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib.”
Maymuna (R.A.) yearned to marry the Prophet (Peace be upon him). She (R.A.) went to her (R.A.) sister, Umm-e-al Fadl (R.A.) to talk to her (R.A.) about that and she (R.A.), in turn, spoke to her (R.A.) husband, Al-Abbas (R.A.). Al-Abbas (R.A.) immediately went to the Messenger (Peace be upon him) with Maymuna’s (R.A.) offer of marriage to him (Peace be upon him) and her (R.A.) proposal was accepted. When the good news reached her (R.A.), she (R.A.) was on a camel, and she (R.A.) immediately got off the camel and said, “The camel and what is on it is for the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him).” They were married in the month of Shawwal in 7 AH just after the Muslims of Medina were permitted to visit Makkah under the terms of the treaty of Hudaybiyya to perform Umra. Allah Almighty sent the following Ayat about this:
Any believing woman who dedicates herself to the Prophet if the Prophet wishes to wed her, that is only for thee and not for the believers. (Quran 33:50)
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) gave her (R.A.) the name, Maymuna (R.A.), meaning “Blessed” and Maymuna (R.A.) lived with the Prophet (Peace be upon him) for just over three years, until his (Peace be upon him) death. She (R.A.) was obviously very good natured and got on well with everyone and no quarrel or disagreement with any of the Prophet’s (Peace be upon him) other wives (R.A.) has been related about her (R.A.). Aisha (R.A.) said about her (R.A.), “Among us, she (R.A.) had the most fear of Allah and did the most to maintain ties of kinship.” It was in her (R.A.) room that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) first began to feel the effects of what became his (Peace be upon him) final illness and asked the permission of his (Peace be upon him) wives (R.A.) to stay in Aisha’s (R.A.) room while it lasted.
After the Prophet’s death, (Peace be upon him), Maymuna (R.A.) continued to live in Medina for another forty years, dying at the age of eighty, in 51 AH, (R.A.), being the last of the Prophet’s (Peace be upon him) wives (R.A.) to die. She (R.A.) asked to be buried where she married with the Prophet (Peace be upon him) at Saraf and her (R.A.) request was carried out. It is related that at the funeral of Maymuna, Ibn-e-Abbas (R.A.) said, “This is the wife of Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) so when you lift her (R.A.) bier, do not shake her (R.A.) or disturb her (R.A.), but be gentle.” It is also related by Ibn-e-Abbas (R.A.) that he (R.A.) once stayed the night as a guest of Maymuna (R.A.), who was his (R.A.) aunt, and the Prophet’s (Peace be upon him) wife. They slept on their blanket lengthways and he (R.A.) slept at the end, crossways. After they had all slept for awhile, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) rose in the middle of the night to pray the Tahajjud Prayer and Ibn-e-Abbas joined him (Peace be upon him).
They both did Wuzu (Abulation), and he (Peace be upon him) prayed eleven Rakats with the Prophet (Peace be upon him). Then they both went back to sleep again until dawn. Bilal (R.A.) called the Azan and the Prophet (Peace be upon him) did another two short Rakats, before going into the Masjid to lead the Fajr Prayer.
Ibn-e-Abbas (R.A.) said that one of the Duas that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) made during this night was: “O Allah, place light in my heart, light in my tongue, light in my hearing, light on my sight, light behind me, light in front of me, light on my right, light on my left, light above me and light below me; place light in my sinew, in my flesh, in my blood, in my hair and in my skin; place light in my soul and make light abundant for me; make me light and grant me light.”
It is commonly agreed that it was after the Prophet (Peace be upon him) married with Maymuna (R.A.), giving him (peace be upon him) now nine wives (Aisha (R.A.), Sawda (R.A.), Hafsa (R.A.), Umm-e-Salama (R.A.), Zainab bint-e-Jahsh (R.A.), Juwayriyya (R.A.), Umm-e-Habiba (R.A.), Safiyya (R.A.) and Maymuna (R.A.)), that the following Ayat was revealed:
It is not lawful for you (O Muhammad, to marry more) women after this, nor to exchange them for other wives, even though their beauty is pleasing to you, except those whom your right hand possesses (as maid servants); and Allah is always watching over everything. (Quran 33:52)
After this, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) did not marry again. When however, the Christian ruler, Muqawqis, of Egypt, sent him (Peace be upon him) two Christian slave girls who were sisters as a gift (In response to the Prophet’s (Peace be upon him) letter inviting him to embrace Islam), along with a fine robe and some medicine the Prophet (Peace be upon him), accepted one of the slave girls, Maria (R.A.) (Embraced Islam), into his (Peace be upon him) household; he (Peace be upon him) gave her (R.A.) sister Serene, to a man whom he (Peace be upon him) wished to honor, namely Hassan bin Sabit (R.A.); he (Peace be upon him) accepted the robe; and he (Peace be upon him) returned the medicine with the message, “My Sunna is my medicine!”